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What are the rectocele and cystocele in women?

Rectocele and cystoceles are types of pelvic organ prolapse that can occur in women. Here’s a brief overview of each condition:

  1. Rectocele: it occurs when the tissue wall between the rectum and the vagina weakens or stretches, causing the rectum to bulge into the back wall of the vagina. This can lead to symptoms such as difficulty with bowel movements, a sensation of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement, and pelvic pressure or discomfort.
  2. Cystocele: A cystocele, also called a anterior vaginal wall prolapse, happens when the supportive tissue between the bladder and the vaginal wall weakens, allowing the bladder to sag into the vagina. This can result in symptoms like urinary incontinence, frequent urinary tract infections, a feeling of pelvic fullness or pressure, and discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Both retroceles and cystoceles are types of pelvic organ prolapse, which is a common condition where the pelvic floor muscles and tissues become weakened, leading to one or more organs in the pelvis (such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum) dropping or protruding into the vaginal canal.

Treatment for these conditions can range from conservative measures such as pelvic floor exercises and pessaries to surgical options like pelvic floor repair or mesh placement. It’s essential for women experiencing symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse to seek medical evaluation and discuss treatment options with a healthcare professional.


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